Source 150: The following quote comes from Jean Liedloff’s, ‘The Importance of the In-Arms Phase’, Mothering, Winter 1989; accessed 2 Feb. 2015 at: These links may or may not still be operational; if it isn't, we may have redirected it to the WayBackMachine archive.

As for the Yequana Indians, a relatively innocent indigenous tribe of Venezuela, the author Jean Liedloff, who spent two and a half years living with them, wrote of their ‘in-arms phase’, that ‘consists, simply, of the infant having 24-hour contact with an adult or older child’, and that ‘the notion of punishing a child had apparently never occurred to these people’. And just as with Bushmen infants, [Yequana] babes in arms almost never cried’

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