Source 192: The following quote comes from the Africa Direct website, accessed August 2011 at: These links may or may not still be operational; if it isn't, we may have redirected it to the WayBackMachine archive.

‘Masks are used during initiations, funerals of important individuals or may have social control functions or are used by diviners and healers...The subtle relief carving of the face with the down turned mouth with teeth was painted a dots color applied by fingertips to further set it off from the face painted a startling white to indicate understanding and knowledge. This use of color reflects the complex symbolism of color...such as red for bravery, male potency or black for darkness and white to illustrate illumination and knowledge or femininity, fertility and social harmony. White also makes reference to female ancestral spirits’

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